As I walk down the staircase to the entrance of Ohio’s largest cave at the Ohio Caverns, my mind shifts between two trains of thought. First, I wonder what it must have been like for the farmer who accidentally discovered this massive and elaborate cave system below the land that he was tending in 1887 in rural Ohio. I ponder the astoundment and confusion he must have felt uncovering this complex cave network that remains one of Ohio’s most stunning natural resources.
My second train of thought shifts to my own exciting moment of discovery. I wonder what I can expect when I cross through the small entrance into the winding and narrow cave that remains a consistent 54-degrees year-round.
The Ohio Caverns is just the beginning of some of the 400 caves in Ohio that are made up of elaborate tunnel networks below ground. Many of the caves are inaccessible to the public but there are few that you can explore to get a glimpse of the fascinating underworld of stalactites, stalagmites and minerals that have crystalized over thousands of years.
Exploring some of Ohio’s exciting natural resources within the cave systems requires no previous experience and all of the caves that are open to the public offer trained guides to lead the way. If you have ever wanted to feel like a true explorer, check out one of the unique caving opportunities in Ohio, most of which are open year-round.
The Rock House in the Hocking Hills Region is actually a wide arch but considered a cave with a 25-foot high ceiling. It is one of the coolest adventures to seek out in the Hocking Hills region and a bit different from the other caves in Ohio. The half-mile trail takes about 45 minutes. At the Rock House you will see a cliff with windows and experience the cave system that Native Americans who lived in the region once used. The tunnel at the Rock House is 200-feet long and 40-feet wide.
Not quite ready to take the cave plunge? Start out at Old Man’s Cave and Ash Cave in the Hocking Hills State Park where you can explore the complex of grottoes, gorges and overhangs on your own. Many of the caves mentioned above are open year-round for tours but check websites for daily times and tour schedules.
Ohio’s largest cave system at Ohio Caverns in West Liberty, Ohio has nearly two miles of narrow passageways bordered by damp rocks that occasionally open to wide chambers and underground streams. The guide’s small light illuminates the stalagmites and stalactites as we navigate what is otherwise pitch darkness.
The varying depths of the cave range from 30-feet below ground to 103-feet at its deepest point. Every step reveals something incredible from the ancient “graffiti” on the limestone walls with inscriptions by young explorers to the occasional drip of water on my head that is filtered through the cave system. There are large and small caverns and colorful mineral formations in vibrant shades of orange and brown that design sections of the passageways. The crystals come in every size and formation culminating with the Crystal King, a five-foot-long, 400-pound stalactite that is more than 200,000 years old.
Olentangy Indian Caverns
The Olentangy Indian Caverns in Delaware were formed by un underground river that cut through the area millions of years ago. There is a vast network of passages accessible to the public descending through three different levels at 55-feet, 75-feet and 105-feet below the surface.
Tours through the limestone caverns take you to several large chambers including the Echo Chamber, Cathedral Hall with stunning fossils on the walls and the Indian Council Chamber that was once used for ceremonies by the Wyandotte Indians that once inhabited the area. There are many more miles of passageways that are still unexplored.
The Seneca Caverns located in Bellevue is a Registered Natural Landmark. It is one of the largest caves in Ohio and one of the most educational caves tours available. The cave system was discovered in 1872 when two boys rabbit hunting with their dog fell through a natural sinkhole into one of the cave’s passageways. Seneca Caverns has a fascinating underground stream referred to as “Ole’ Mist’ry River” located 110-feet below the ground. It is just one of the many exciting discoveries you will see during a one-hour guided tour.
Zane Shawnee Caverns
The Zane Shawnee Caverns in Bellefontaine are operated by the Shawnee Nation in South Wind Park. The cave is open year-round and is one of only seven caves in the world that has naturally occurring cave pearls. Guided tours are approximately 50 minutes in length and take you through the cave to see the cave pearls for yourself along with unusual stalactite and stalagmite formations that are natural works of art below the ground.
Exploring Perry’s Cave is one of the top things to do at Put-in-Bay on South Bass Island on Lake Erie. The cave is part of a complex of activities but an exciting adventure 52-feet below ground. The short 20-minute tour is an easy introduction of caves if you have never experienced one. It is 208-feet long, so it not extensive in comparison to other public-accessible caves in Ohio. It is perfect for kids to get a taste of exploration and see stalactites and stalagmites as well as other minerals and calcium deposits that have formed there over millions of years.
Also on Put-in-Bay is Crystal Cave that runs below Heineman’s Winery. The cave was discovered in 1897 while workers were digging a well for the winery. One of the unique features of this cave is what is believed to be the world’s largest geode with crystals that are up to 18 inches long. Tours of the cave help the winery stay in business and were instrumental to its survival during prohibition.
Sheriden Cave located in the Indian Trail Caverns in Northwest Ohio is notable for the many research projects and shows that have been filmed there. It is unique because of its more than 10,000 artifacts and specimens discovered there that give insight into what life in Ohio was like millions of years ago.
In additional to the cave formations in the passageways, you will learn about the life that once inhabited the cave like a giant beaver believed to be more than 250-pounds and six-feet long. During the guided tours you will also learn about things like the short-faced bear and other animal species that also once inhabited the cave. The caverns are lit and remain at a steady 55-degrees.
For more sight-seeing and adventure, Find It Here. at Ohio.org.